Antenna design and implementation patch diamond array 2x4 elements with DGS shaped dumbbell square head at frequency 2.4 GHz


  • Koesmarijanto Koesmarijanto State Polytechnic of Malang
  • Sania Ahva Y Student
  • Hendro Darmono State Polytechnic of Malang



diamond, DGS,, micro strip antenna, WIFI


— Technological advances in the field of telecommunications without cables or wireless are growing rapidly by utilizing radio waves as transmission. This happens because people's mobility is currently quite high and requires practicality in the use of devices. The discussion in this paper is about the comparison of the design and fabrication performance of a diamond microstrip patch antenna composed of a 2x4 element array using DGS and without using DGS. The design was carried out using the CST 2018 simulator. The DGS was placed on a PCB ground plane with an epoxy fiberglass substrate having a dielectric constant of 4.58. This is measured by improving the value of VSWR, return loss, and bandwidth. The application of the working frequency used by the microstrip antenna is at (2401-2495) MHz for WIFI (Wireless Fidelity) networks. Microstrip antennas have a narrow bandwidth shortage, so they require bandwidth widening using the DGS (Defected Ground Structure) technique in the form of dumbbell square ahead. The resulting bandwidth is 15 MHz wider than a microstrip antenna without DGS. This research is in accordance with the antenna test parameters, which have a return loss value of -24.3dB, VSWR 1.12 and a bandwidth of 34 MHz.


S. P. Santosa, "Antena Mikrostrip Seitiga Dengan Saluran Pencatu Berbentuk Garpu yang Dikopel Secara Elektromagnetik," pp. 1-2, 26 11 2008.

Kominfo, "Pengunaan Spektruk Frekuensi Radio Berdasarkan Izin Kelas," Kementrian Komunikasi dan Informatika, Jakarta, 2019.

C. A. Balanis, Anthena Theory Analysis And Design Fourth Edition, Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.

H.Y., Salazar, T. Hariyadi, and A.B. Pantjawati, “Design of microstrip antenna C-band frequency for ground surveillance radar”. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 850, No. 1, p. 012060). IOP Publishing, May 2020.

N. Agrawal, “Enhanced Performance of Microstrip Antenna with Meta-material: A Review”. Advances in Communication, Devices and Networking: Proceedings of ICCDN 2020, pp.221-231, 2020.

P. Kumar, M.M. Pai, and T. Ali, “Ultrawideband antenna in wireless communication: A review and current state of the art”. Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, 79(11), 2020.

F. A. Konkyana, L. Bhavani, and B. Alapati Sudhakar. "A review on microstrip antennas with defected ground structure techniques for ultra-wideband applications." In 2019 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), pp. 0930-0934. IEEE, 2019.

M.K. Khandelwal, B.K. Kanaujia, and S. Kumar, “Defected ground structure: fundamentals, analysis, and applications in modern wireless trends”, International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2017.

D. Fistum, D. Mali and M. Ismail, "Bandwidth Enhancement of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna using Defected Ground Structure," Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Vol. 3, No. 2, August 2016, pp. 428 ~ 434, p. 429, 2016.

S. Alam and R. F. Nugroho, "Perancangan Antena Mikrostrip Array2x1 Untuk Meningkatkan Gainuntukaplikasi Lte Padafrekuensi 2.300 MHz," Jurnal Teknik dan Ilmu Komputer, p. 366, 2018.

J. Haidi, "Meningkatkan Bandwidth Antena Mikrostrip Bentuk Lingkaran untuk Aplikasi Antena 5G denganMenggunakan Metode DGS," in Seminar Nasional Inovasi, Teknologi dan Aplikasi (SeNITiA) ISBN: 978-602-5830-02-0, Bengkulu, 2018.

J. George and D. Lethakumari, "Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Array with Dumbbell Defected Ground Structure," in International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 2019.

D. P. Kuravatti, "Comparison of Different Parameters of the Edge Feed and the Inset Feed Patch Antenna," in International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 13, Number 13, Karnataka, 2018.

R. A. Taviyasa, D. Arseno and Y. Wahyu, "Perancangan Dan Realisasi Antena Mikrostrip Patch Diamond Pada Frekuensi 500-3000 Mhz Untuk Aplikasi Radar Penembus Dinding," in e-Proceeding of Engineering : Vol.4, No.3 , Bandung, 2017.

Electronic Notes, "Electronics Notes," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 27 11 2021].




How to Cite

K. Koesmarijanto, S. Ahva Y, and H. Darmono, “Antenna design and implementation patch diamond array 2x4 elements with DGS shaped dumbbell square head at frequency 2.4 GHz”, Jartel, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 36-42, Feb. 2023.